The Trust needed to offer extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)  patient transport training in the form of high-fidelity multi-disciplinary simulation utilizing a moving ambulance. ECMO circuits and monitoring would be controlled using Chalice’s Parallel Simulator . The simulation would be broadcast to the simulation centre for observation and debrief. We developed a simulation and AV streaming solution for this.
The aim of the study was to deliver high-fidelity ECMO simulation in a moving vehicle while simultaneously allowing candidates and faculty to watch the scenarios take place remotely.
A custom video-over-IP system was used to run three camera feeds and a patient monitor output. A laptop captured this in a quad-view format and streamed it to a dedicated video streamer. This was then networked locally via a router with a secondary laptop which displayed the stream. The router was connected to a mobile 4G modem, allowing the secondary laptop to share this video stream via Microsoft Teams (MS Teams). In addition, a USB audio interface and microphones ensured intelligibility while the vehicle was in motion.
Teaching groups were made up of 3–4 candidates from the ECMO team and 3–4 candidates from patient transport. Scenarios outlined a paediatric patient, currently on ECMO, being transferred to a specialist hospital in the region via ambulance. One or two candidates from each service would take part in the scenario and the remaining candidates would view the simulation in the centre debrief room. A technician in front of the ambulance controlled the simulator and monitored the streams. The lead ECMO specialist nurse spoke to the technician from the simulation centre via a mobile phone link. The role of a consultant was played by a member of the transport faculty on the ambulance. This allowed the faculty to oversee and prompt when necessary. Using MS Teams meant the stream could be shared with the debrief room at the centre, the control room, and with other interested parties outside of the centre. This created a unique learning experience where all candidates could see each scenario and play an active role in debrief when the ambulance returned to the centre. Successful delivery of this course will improve patient safety during potentially complex ECMO transfers. We hope to invite more remote participants via MS Teams to view the simulations and take part in the debrief, increasing learning opportunities for ECMO and transfer staff.