International Journal of Healthcare Simulation
Adi Health+Wellness
62 The Abcde of Converting Full Patient Simulation to a Virtual Non-Technical Skills Seminar
DOI 10.54531/FXPI7957, Volume: 1, Issue: Supplement 1, Pages: A50-A51
Article Type: Innovations, Article History

Table of Contents





Due to the pandemic, our undergraduate programme of Interprofessional (IPE) Full Patient Simulation (FPS) 2020–2021 was converted to a virtual human factors seminar using student case scenario footage and a Non-Technical ABCDE Approach Observational Tool (Seale et al. 2020). The IPE FPS programme involves students (n = 960) from medicine, physiotherapy, nursing (adult, child fields) and midwifery with three strands of scenarios covering acute adult, paediatric and obstetric scenarios. To provide meaningful learning without the use of face-to-face simulation, the principles of active learning and directed observation in simulation were applied to create a live online seminar. Using recorded footage of inter-professional discipline students participating in scenarios and the observational tool provided the resources for students to learn about the non-technical skills (NTS) in clinical practice.


The aim of the study was to meet IPE graduate outcomes and to explore the significance of human factors in clinical practice.


Prior to the online seminar, students were allocated into their scenario groups to prepare notes on the non-technical skills, with directive guidance from an observational tool using an ABCDE approach. Within the seminar, students worked collaboratively in small inter-professional groups to discuss their observations and prepare a presentation, guided by the debrief diamond structure of description, analysis and application [1]. Facilitators debriefed after each presentation on the NTS observed [2] to explore why they occurred, and reflect how this impacted on the assessment and management of the patient and what students could apply to their own practice.


Evaluation of findings demonstrated achievement of the key ‘take aways’ associated with live simulation and attainment of learning outcomes (Figure 1). The ABCDE observational tool demonstrated good usability and enabled effective analysis. Students asked that it should be adapted to include the patient in the descriptors and faculty observed students were more critical in their analysis of their peers compared with face-to-face debriefs. The long-term aim is to incorporate virtual seminars into the IPE programme to complement the learning in the face-to-face FPS. Innovations in the FPS programme will include using the scenario footage and the observational tool for pre-simulation briefing material, and the tool for directed observation during live scenarios and additional structure to debriefs. The scenario and debrief footage and the observational tool will also be used for facilitator training.

Figure 1:



Jaye P, Thomas L, Reedy G. ‘The Diamond’: a structure for simulation debrief. Clin Teach. 2015;12(3):171175.


Seale J, Khan A, Hirons B, Butchers C. ABCDE: directing student observation during high-fidelity simulation. Med Sci Educator. 2020;30(4);13471349. The Abcde of Converting Full Patient Simulation to a Virtual Non-Technical Skills Seminar&author=Colin Butchers,&keyword=&subject=Innovations,