International Journal of Healthcare Simulation
Adi Health+Wellness
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166 Sequential Simulation as Replacement for Standard 4-Week Practice-Based Learning (PBL) for First-Year Undergraduate Physiotherapy Students
DOI 10.54531/WOSY5813, Volume: 1, Issue: Supplement 1, Pages: A40-A40
Article Type: Innovations, Article History

Table of Contents

Highlights 

Notes 

Abstract

Background:

Practice-based learning (PBL) via clinical placement is a core part of a physiotherapy degree with the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP) requiring completion of 1000 placement hours. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in cancellation of placements on top of an already saturated geographical placement provision in certain regions with many Higher Education Institutes (HEI) reporting a backlog of placements. Inability to meet requisite placement hours impacts on student progression, reducing the flow of physiotherapists into the workforce at a time when Allied Heath Professions (AHP) growth has been planned. The CSP and Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) have both encouraged HEIs to be innovative in placement provision in response. Simulation is widely utilized in healthcare training but remains an emerging concept in terms of placement replacement [1]. Previous examples have demonstrated simulation being used to enhance placement delivery [2] but a dearth of examples exist within the UK for fully simulated placements.

Aims:

The aim was to develop a fully simulated placement that replicated the learning objectives achievable through standard PBL.

Method/design:

Development of a novel placement model to deliver a fully simulated placement as replacement for a standard 4-week clinical placement scheduled for 15 (20% cohort) first-year physiotherapy students.

Implementation outline:

The placement was split across clinical specialities within cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal physiotherapy. Key objectives were set weekly: week 1, focussing on communication/patient-centred care (scaffolded across subsequent 4 weeks); week 2, focussing on assessment, patient management and clinical reasoning; week 3, consolidation of clinical reasoning; week 4, case presentation. Sequential simulation was utilized to best replicate clinical practice, following simulated patients from pre-admission/injury, through to admission, deterioration, rehabilitation and long-term management. This approach enabled learners to experience a full patient journey, unachievable through standard placement timelines. Simulation using a mixed approach to facilitation and PEARLS debrief, handover tasks, multi-disciplinary team meetings, discharge planning and smaller vignette scenarios to develop specific clinical skills were simulated utilizing actor role players, high-fidelity manikins and peer enhanced e-learning. The placement modelled a CLiP (collaborative learning in practice) delivery, an approach promoted across standard placements by HEE, with students autonomously setting objectives, utilizing across level learning, recording of daily learning logs, reflections and peer assessments. Pre- and post-placement data have been gathered exploring the students’ experiences, expectations, and attitudes towards simulated placement, competence and confidence in both communication and clinical skills using focus group interviews and questionnaires.

Stanley, Royle, Ewles, Gay, Voegeli, and Cooks: 166 Sequential Simulation as Replacement for Standard 4-Week Practice-Based Learning (PBL) for First-Year Undergraduate Physiotherapy Students

References

1. 

Wright A, Moss P, Dennis DM, et al. The influence of a full-time, immersive simulation-based clinical placement on physiotherapy student confidence during the transition to clinical practice. Adv Simul. 2018;3:3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41077-018-0062-9

2. 

Tuttle N, Horan SA. The effect of replacing 1 week of content teaching with an intensive simulation-based learning activity on physiotherapy student clinical placement performance. Adv Simul 4, 14 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41077-019-0095-8
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